The most important thing that you have to do before placing a quarry is a Survey Charge. Once a resource hole is found, you can place a quarry there. For a survey charge, you need two things: the first one is some luck, and the second one is some extra effort. For a survey charge, you will have to keep throwing some explosives at different places.
At many places, you will find nothing, while at others you will hopefully find something. And once the explosives you threw explode, some stuff should hopefully get out of the ground. You will get some materials from the ground which you can scale from 1 to 5. You can get different things from the ground like sulfur or metal fragments. You can also find different high-quality stones.
Once the quarry is placed, you can build within 15 meters of it, so the best thing that you need to consider is to secure maximum place where you can build and pop down couple of satellite cupboards and also a rank for the satellite coverage if you want to play some high exterior walls, and it all depends on stone and wood that is available. The place where you are more likely to find something will look little like this.
You can see the elements popping up in the air. This is a perfect place to set a quarry.
After you have put the quarry, you have to put some low-quality fuel in these two barrels.
After this, you need to come to the roof to start the engine. Once the engine is started, the quarry will start working.
Once the quarry is started, you will see it collecting a reasonable amount of materials.